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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2014  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 161-165

In-dental office screening for diabetes mellitus using gingival crevicular blood


1 Department of Periodontics, Drs. Sudha and Nageswara Rao Siddhartha Institute of Dental Sciences, Tirupati, India
2 Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, CKS Teja Institute of Dental Sciences, Tirupati, India
3 Department of Periodontics, KLR Lenora Institute of Dental Sciences, Rajahmundry, India
4 B.D.S. , Government Dental College and Hospital, Vijayawada, India
5 Department of Dentistry, Guntur Medical College, Andhra Pradesh, India
6 Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Government Dental College and Hospital, Vijayawada, India

Correspondence Address:
M.V. Ramoji Rao
Department of Periodontics, Drs. Sudha and Nageswara Rao Siddhartha Institute of Dental Sciences, Chinaoutpalli, Gannavaram - 521 101, Andhra Pradesh
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2231-0762.149026

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Aim: To evaluate whether during routine periodontal examination blood from gingival tissues can be used for determining glucose levels. Materials and Methods: Thirty patients with gingivitis or periodontitis and bleeding on probing (BOP) were chosen. The following clinical periodontal parameters were noted: probing depth, BOP, gingival bleeding index, and periodontal disease index. Blood samples were collected from gingival crevicular blood (GCB) and capillary finger prick blood (CFB). These samples were analyzed using a glucose self-monitoring device. Results: Descriptive statistical analysis was carried out in the present study. Data were analyzed using a Pearson's correlation coefficient and Student's t-test. An r-value of 0.97 shows very strong correlation between CFB and GCB, which was statistically highly significant (P < 0.0001). Conclusions: The authors conclude that GCB may serve as potential source of screening blood glucose during routine periodontal examination in populations with an unknown history of diabetes mellitus.


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