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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2015  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 125-130

Bacteriological evaluation of Allium sativum oil as a new medicament for pulpotomy of primary teeth


1 Department of Pediatric Dentistry, School of Dentistry, Al-Azhar University, Cario, Egypt; Department of Restorative Dental Sciences, Al-Farabi Colleges, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
2 Department of Restorative Dental Sciences, Al-Farabi Colleges, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
Kusai Baroudi
Department of Restorative Dental Sciences, Al-Farabi Colleges, Riyadh - 11691, P. O. Box - 85184, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2231-0762.155738

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Objective: To compare the effects of Allium sativum oil and formocresol on the pulp tissue of the pulpotomized teeth. Materials and Methods: Twenty children were selected for this study. All children had a pair of non-vital primary molars. A sterile paper point was dipped in the root canals prior to the mortal pulpotomy. These paper points were collected in transfer media and immediately transported to the microbiological lab to be investigated microbiologically (for Streptococcus mutans and Lactobacillus acidophilus). Then the procedure of mortal pulpotomy was performed. After 2 weeks, the cotton pellets were removed and sterile paper points were dipped in the root canals for microbiological examination. Then comparison between the count of bacteria before and after treatment was conducted. Statistical analysis was performed using independent t-test and paired t-test at the significance level of α = 0.05. Results: After application of both medicaments, there was a marked decrease in S. mutans and L. acidophilus counts. The difference between the mean of log values of the count before and after the application was highly significant for both medicaments (P < 0.05); however, better results were obtained when A. sativum oil was used. Conclusion: A. sativum oil had more powerful antimicrobial effects than formocresol on the bacteria of the infected root canals.


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