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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2015  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 81-87

Probiotics: Healthy bugs and nourishing elements of diet


1 Department of Periodontology, Vananchal Dental College and Hospital, Ranchi, Jharkhand, India
2 Deparment of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, PGIDS, Rohtak, India
3 Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, Kalka Dental College and Preventive Dentistry, Meerut, Uttar Pradesh, India
4 Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, Guru Gobind Singh College of Dental Science and Research Centre, Burhanpur Lalbagh Road, Burhanpur, Madhya Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Vijayendra Pandey
Department of Periodontology, Vananchal Dental College and Hospital Ranchi, Jharkhand
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2231-0762.155726

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The use of probiotics is based on the concept that adding the right live microbes to the complex human system can result in physiological benefits. The benefit of fermented milk in human diet has been acknowledged since Vedic times; however, the scientific interest in this field was evoked by Ellie Metchinkoff who recommended that people should consume fermented milk containing lactobacilli to prolong their lives, as accelerated aging is due to autointoxication caused by the toxins produced by the gut microflora. They have been used to improve gastrointestinal health and their attractiveness has evinced interest to study their role in the promotion of oral health also. Studies have been widely carried out to establish the role of intestinal lactobacilli as probiotic to treat various gastrointestinal disorders, but only limited studies are available on the oral use of probiotics. The probiotic products usually contain lactobacilli and bifidobacteria, and their demand in the market is growing day by day. This paper provides an overview of various studies in the literature that emphasize on the role of probiotics to combat oral diseases and encourages more research in this field.


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