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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2015  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 8  |  Page : 89-92

Antimicrobial activity of herbal medicines (tulsi extract, neem extract) and chlorhexidine against Enterococcus faecalis in Endodontics: An in vitro study


1 Department of Pedodontics, Sharavathi Dental College, Shimoga, Karnataka, India
2 Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Yamuna Institute of Dental Sciences and Research, Yamunanagar, Haryana, India
3 Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Mithila Minority Dental College and Hospital, Darbhanga, Bihar, India
4 Department of Restorative Dentistry, Al Farrabi College of Dentistry and Nursing, Riyad, Saudi Arabia
5 Department of Pedodontics, Manasa Sarovar Dental College, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India
6 Department of Oral Pathology, AJ Institute of Dental Sciences, Mangalore, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Akash Dupper
Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Yamuna Institute of Dental Sciences and Research, Gadoli, Yamunanagar, Haryana
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2231-0762.172952

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Background: Successful endodontic treatment depends on effective disinfection and complete sealing of root canal. Various medicaments are advised for disinfecting root canal, such as herbal and non-herbal medicaments. This study was done to assess the antimicrobial activity of herbal medicines (neem extract, tulsi extract) and chlorhexidine against Enterococcus faecalis in Endodontics. Materials and Methods: Agar diffusion method was used to evaluate the antimicrobial action of different medicines. Sixty samples were segregated into four groups with 15 samples in each: Group I: chlorhexidine 2%, Group II: neem extract, Group III: tulsi extract, and Group IV: distilled water. The inhibition zones against E. faecalis were recorded and statistically assessed using one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) test (P < 0.05). Results: Significant antibacterial effect against E. faecalis was observed with chlorhexidine followed by neem extract and tulsi extract. Conclusion: Herbal medicines seemed to be effective against E. faecalis compared to 2% chlorhexidine gluconate.


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