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Year : 2016  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 327-337

Mean values of Arnett's soft tissue analysis in Maratha ethnic (Indian) population — A cephalometric study

1 Department of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, Rajasthan Dental College and Hospital, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India
2 Department of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, Pune, Maharastra, India
3 Department of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, Dr. D. Y. Patil Dental School, Lohegaon, Pune, Maharastra, India
4 Department of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, BRIMS Hospital, Bidar, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Shikha Singh
House No. 92, Guru Jambeshwar Nagar A, Lane No 3, Gandhi Path, Queen's Road, Jaipur, Rajasthan
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2231-0762.186789

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Aim: The aim of this article is to evaluate the mean cephalometric values for Arnett's soft tissue analysis in the Maratha ethnic (Indian) population. Materials and Methods: Lateral cephalograms of 60 patients (30 males and 30 females) aged 18–26 years were obtained with the patients in the Natural Head Position (NHP), with teeth in maximum intercuspation and lips in the rest position. Moreover, hand tracings were also done. The statistical analysis was performed with the help of a statistical software, the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences version 16, and Microsoft word and Excel (Microsoft office 2007) were used to generate the analytical data. Results: Statistical significance was tested atP level (1% and 5% level of significance). Statistical analysis using student's unpaired t-test were performed. Various cephalometric values for the Maratha ethnic (Indian) population differed from Caucasian cephalometric values such as nasolabial inclination, incisor proclination, and exposure, which may affect the outcome of the orthodontic and orthognathic treatment. Conclusion: Marathas have more proclined maxillary incisors, less prominent chin, less facial length, acute nasolabial angle, and all soft tissue thickness are greater in Marathas except lower lip thickness (in Maratha males and females) and upper lip angle (in Maratha males) than those of the Caucasian population. It is a fact that all different ethnic races have different facial characters. The variability of the soft tissue integument in people with different ethnic origin makes it necessary to study the soft tissue standards of a particular community and consider those norms when planning an orthodontic and orthognathic treatment for particular racial and ethnic patients.

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