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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 124-129

Temporomandibular joint arthrocentesis: A prospective study and audit of 500 joints of central India


1 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Rishikesh, Uttarakhand, India
2 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology and Microbiology, Seema Dental College, Rishikesh, Uttarakhand, India
3 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Sardar Patel Postgraduate Institute of Dental and Medical Sciences, Lucknow, Utter Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Shailesh Kumar
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery All India Institute Of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) Rishikesh, Uttarakhand
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jispcd.JISPCD_361_17

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Aim and Objectives: Aim of this study was to compare prospective effectiveness of arthrocentesis of temporomandibular joint by single- and double-needle technique in central India population. Materials and Methods: Out of 230 patients, 500 joints were included in the study and were randomly selected into two groups: single needle and double needle. Follow-up of patients were done as 1 week, 1 and 3 months. (The statistical analysis was done using SPSS [Statistical Package for Social Sciences] Version 15.0 Statistical Analysis Software). Results: Both techniques were equally effective at reducing pain and increasing the maximal mouth opening. The single-needle technique was easier to perform and required a shorter operative time (P < 0.01). Conclusion: the results obtained indicate that single versus double arthrocentesis techniques were equally effective in reducing the pain and increasing the mouth opening and reducing the clicking sound. However, single-needle technique was easier to perform and required a shorter operative time.


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