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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 416-419

Bite force evaluation in complete denture wearer with different denture base materials: A randomized controlled clinical trial


1 Department of Removable Prosthodontics, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Al-Azhar University, Cairo, Egypt; Department of Substitutive Dental Sciences, College of Dentistry, Taibah University, Medina, Saudi Arabia
2 Dentist, Ministry of Health, Saudi Arabia
3 Department of Prosthetic Dental Sciences, College of Dentistry, AlJouf University, Saudi Arabia
4 Department of Preventive Dentistry, College of Dentistry, AlJouf University, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Mostafa I Fayad
College of Dentistry, Taibah University, Medina, Saudi Arabia; Faculty of Dental Medicine, Al-Azhar University, Cairo, Egypt

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jispcd.JISPCD_2_18

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Aim: The aim of this study is to evaluate the maximum bite force (MBF) with different denture base materials in completely edentulous patients. Materials and Methods: MBF was evaluated in randomly selected 100 completely edentulous patients. Patients were selected from the Outpatient Clinic, College of Dentistry, Aljouf University, Saudi Arabia. The patients were randomly divided into two equal groups: Group I (control group): Patient received a conventional heat-cured acrylic complete denture (Vertex™ Regular, Vertex-Dental B.V., The Netherlands) and Group II (experimental group): Patient received a thermoplastic complete denture (Vertex™ ThermoSens, Vertex-Dental B.V., The Netherlands). MBF measurements were taken at the time of new denture placement and after 6 months of denture use. Statistics were analyzed using independent t-test to compare the MBF measurements between both groups. Results: At the time of denture placement, there was no significant difference in bite force measurements between both groups. Bite force is increasing considerably after 6 months of denture use, and it was higher than MBF recorded at the time of new prosthesis placement in the same group. The MBF values were considerably higher in patients with a thermoplastic denture than patients with conventional acrylic denture with statistically significant difference after 6 months of denture use. Conclusion: After 6 months of denture use, patients with a thermoplastic denture have a higher biting force than patients with a conventional acrylic denture. Therefore, it could be considered a treatment plan option according to the ridge nature and quality to solve the problem of diminished bite force in old age patients.


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