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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 55-59

A clinical and radiographic evaluation of resonance frequency analysis of sand blasted acid etched (sae) and chemical modified sae dental implants


1 Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, PSM Dental College, Trichur, Kerala, India
2 Department of Periodontology, RKDF Dental College and Research Centre, Bhopal, MP, India
3 Department of Prosthodontics, PSM College of Dental Science and Research, Akkikavu, Trichur, Kerala, India
4 BDS, Dental Surgeon, Meenakshi Ammal Dental College, Tamil Nadu, India
5 Department of Pedodontics, Sharavathi Dental College, Shimoga, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Prashant Babaji
Department of Pedodontics, Sharavathi Dental College, Shimoga, Karnataka
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jispcd.JISPCD_367_18

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Aims and Objective: Chemically modified and sandblasted acid-etched (SAE) mechanism leads to wettability of surfaces of dental implants which helps in osseointegration. The present study was conducted to determine the implant stability quotient (ISQ) of SAE and SAE chemically modified dental implants. Materials and Methods: The present study was conducted on 210 patients with 120 males and 90 females. Dental implants (Adin) with SAE (Group A) and SAE chemically modified (Group B) were inserted in patients. RFA was done immediately after implant insertion and after 1 week, 2 weeks, 6 weeks, 10 weeks, and 14 weeks. Results were statistically evaluated using SPSS Statistics for Windows, Version 21.0, IBM Corp., Armonk, NY, USA. Results: Maximum patients were in the age group of 25–35 years (males – 65, females – 48), followed by 35–45 years (males – 40, females – 32) and 45–55 years (males – 15, females – 10). Maximum dental implants were given in the right side (88) in males than females (56). On the left side, maximum implants were given in females (62) than males (56). Maximum RFA value of 86.2 and minimum value of 44.6 were observed in SAE dental implants (A). The maximum mean RFA value in chemically modified implants SAE (B) was 89.4 and minimum was 32.5. Conclusion: It was observed that surface treatment of dental implants shows higher implant–bone osseointegration. There is fastest osseointegration in implants with hydrophilic surfaces than those with SAE surfaces. ISQ was higher than 75 in both groups, which indicate higher implant stability.


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