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Impact of demographic factors, obesity, and oral health status on self-esteem among school-going children in United Arab Emirates: A cross-sectional study


1 Department of Paediatric Dentistry, Sharjah Specialised Dental Centre, Ministry of Health & Prevention, Sharjah, UAE
2 Department of Preventive and Restorative Dentistry, College of Dental Medicine, University of Sharjah, Sharjah, UAE
3 School of Dentistry, University of Dundee, Dundee, UK
4 Center of Oral Growth and Development (Paediatric Dentistry), Barts and The London School of Medicine and Dentistry, London, UK

Correspondence Address:
Vellore K Gopinath,
Department of Preventive and Restorative Dentistry, College of Dental Medicine, University of Sharjah, Sharjah.
UAE
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jispcd.JISPCD_422_19

Objectives: The objective of this study was to determine if oral health, obesity, and demographic factors have an impact on self-esteem among school-going children in United Arab Emirates. Materials and Methods: Ten schools (six private and four public) were selected using random digit table. Decayed, missing, and filled teeth index according to the World Health Organization criteria was used to assess dental caries. Obesity was measured by body mass index (BMI = weight [kg]/height [m2]). Data related to demographic details and toothbrushing were collected and entered into assessment forms. The mental well-being was assessed using Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale. Results: Self-esteem score was 19.8 (standard deviation [SD], ±3.8) mean, and ranged from 19.1 to 20.5. The presence or absence of dental caries or their body shape (obesity/overweight/normal weight) had no impact on the self-esteem scores. Of the participants, 93% brushed daily, whereas the brushing frequency was significantly greater in female children (98%) (P < 0.001) and children with higher self-esteem scores (P = 0.066). The self-esteem scores of school children was positively associated with age as elder children had higher scores (P = 0.001). Children of Indian origin had lower self-esteem (P = 0.004). BMI was negatively associated (P = 0.006). Conclusion: Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale scores were found to be lower in young children and Indian children. The child’s obesity and dental caries status had no significant influence on their self-esteem. High self-esteem in older children can be linked with increased toothbrushing frequency.


    
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