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REVIEW ARTICLE
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Prevention of dental caries in Nigeria: A narrative review of strategies and recommendations from 1999 to 2019


1 Community Dentistry Unit, Department of Preventive Dentistry, University of Benin, Benin City, Nigeria
2 Department of Periodontology and Community Dentistry, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Sunny A Okeigbemen,
Community Dentistry Unit, Department of Preventive Dentistry, University of Benin, Benin City, Edo.
Nigeria
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jispcd.JISPCD_423_19

Objectives: This narrative review aimed to show the approaches recommended for the prevention of dental caries in Nigeria by epidemiological surveys (P), primary preventive methods and strategies,( I) comparison preferred by experts (C) in the prevention of dental caries (O). Methods: An electronic literature search of some databases such as Pubmed, Pubmed Central, Google Scholar, African Journal Online (AJOL) and Medline was conducted using these keywords delimited by Boolean operators AND, OR and NOT: “dental caries” “prevention” “Nigeria. Epidemiological studies using WHO criteria published in English between 1999 and 2019 were included in this study. Results: All studies that met the inclusion criteria were epidemiological cross-sectional studies, non-clinic –based. The approaches recommended include need for continuous caries surveillance, preventive and restorative programmes, primary prevention, use fluorides, oral health education and atraumatic restorative treatment. Conclusions: The recommended approaches should include continuous caries monitoring, comprehensive preventive and restorative programmes, primary prevention, use fluorides, oral health education and atraumatic restorative treatments in public schools and primary health care (PHC) centres. It is necessary to augment these approaches with undergraduate cariology curriculum review of dental schools, public-private partnership and oral health policy implementation with emphasis on prevention.


    
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