Journal of International Society of Preventive and Community Dentistry

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2014  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 122--128

Oral health care education and its effect on caregivers«SQ» knowledge, attitudes, and practices: A randomized controlled trial


Sanjeev Khanagar1, Amit Kumar2, Vasuda Rajanna3, Bhumika Kamal Badiyani2, Vinod Rakesh Jathanna4, Prajna V Kini5 
1 Department of Public Health Dentistry, Kurunji Venkatramana Gowda, Dental College and Hospital, Sullia, Dakshina Kannada, Karnataka, India
2 Department of Public Health Dentistry, Sarjug Dental College and Hospital, Laheriasarai, Darbhanga, Bihar, India
3 Department of Public Health Dentistry, The Oxford Dental College, Bangalore, Karnataka, India
4 Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Shrinivasa Institute of Dental Sciences, Mangalore, Karnataka, India
5 Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Shrinivasa Institute of Dental Sciences, Mangalore, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Sanjeev Khanagar
Department of Public Health Dentistry, Kurunji Venkatramana Gowda, Dental College and Hospital, Sullia, Dakshina Kannada, Karnataka
India

Background: The population of older people as well as the number of dependent older people is steadily increasing. Those unable to live independently at home are being cared for in a range of settings. Practical training for nurses and auxiliary care staff has frequently been recommended as a way of improving oral health care for functionally dependent elderly. Aim: To evaluate an oral health education program for the caretakers of institutionalized elderly. Materials and Methods: The study was a cluster randomized intervention trial with an elderly home as the unit of randomization. Seven out of 65 elderly homes accommodating a total of 78 caretakers and 462 elderly residents were selected in Bangalore city, India, out of which 3 elderly homes were assigned to the intervention group and 4 to the control group. Oral health knowledge of caretakers was assessed using a pre-tested proforma; later, oral health education was provided to the caretakers of the intervention group. Oral health education was given at the end of 6 months to the caretakers of the control group. Chi-square test, Fisher exact test, and paired proportion test were used for statistical analysis. Results: There was significant improvement in the oral health knowledge of the caretakers from baseline in the interventional group. Conclusion: The results of the present study showed that there was a significant improvement in the oral health knowledge among the caretakers. Educating the caretakers for assisting or enabling residents for maintaining oral hygiene is essential.


How to cite this article:
Khanagar S, Kumar A, Rajanna V, Badiyani BK, Jathanna VR, Kini PV. Oral health care education and its effect on caregivers' knowledge, attitudes, and practices: A randomized controlled trial.J Int Soc Prevent Communit Dent 2014;4:122-128


How to cite this URL:
Khanagar S, Kumar A, Rajanna V, Badiyani BK, Jathanna VR, Kini PV. Oral health care education and its effect on caregivers' knowledge, attitudes, and practices: A randomized controlled trial. J Int Soc Prevent Communit Dent [serial online] 2014 [cited 2020 Mar 29 ];4:122-128
Available from: http://www.jispcd.org/article.asp?issn=2231-0762;year=2014;volume=4;issue=2;spage=122;epage=128;aulast=Khanagar;type=0