Journal of International Society of Preventive and Community Dentistry

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2014  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 161--165

In-dental office screening for diabetes mellitus using gingival crevicular blood


M.V. Ramoji Rao1, M. Vinay C Reddy2, S Shyam Sunder3, Balaram Kolasani4, Garipineni Kiranmai5, K Ramesh Kumar6 
1 Department of Periodontics, Drs. Sudha and Nageswara Rao Siddhartha Institute of Dental Sciences, Tirupati, India
2 Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, CKS Teja Institute of Dental Sciences, Tirupati, India
3 Department of Periodontics, KLR Lenora Institute of Dental Sciences, Rajahmundry, India
4 B.D.S. , Government Dental College and Hospital, Vijayawada, India
5 Department of Dentistry, Guntur Medical College, Andhra Pradesh, India
6 Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Government Dental College and Hospital, Vijayawada, India

Correspondence Address:
M.V. Ramoji Rao
Department of Periodontics, Drs. Sudha and Nageswara Rao Siddhartha Institute of Dental Sciences, Chinaoutpalli, Gannavaram - 521 101, Andhra Pradesh
India

Aim: To evaluate whether during routine periodontal examination blood from gingival tissues can be used for determining glucose levels. Materials and Methods: Thirty patients with gingivitis or periodontitis and bleeding on probing (BOP) were chosen. The following clinical periodontal parameters were noted: probing depth, BOP, gingival bleeding index, and periodontal disease index. Blood samples were collected from gingival crevicular blood (GCB) and capillary finger prick blood (CFB). These samples were analyzed using a glucose self-monitoring device. Results: Descriptive statistical analysis was carried out in the present study. Data were analyzed using a Pearson«SQ»s correlation coefficient and Student«SQ»s t-test. An r-value of 0.97 shows very strong correlation between CFB and GCB, which was statistically highly significant (P < 0.0001). Conclusions: The authors conclude that GCB may serve as potential source of screening blood glucose during routine periodontal examination in populations with an unknown history of diabetes mellitus.


How to cite this article:
Rao MR, Reddy MC, Sunder S S, Kolasani B, Kiranmai G, Kumar K R. In-dental office screening for diabetes mellitus using gingival crevicular blood.J Int Soc Prevent Communit Dent 2014;4:161-165


How to cite this URL:
Rao MR, Reddy MC, Sunder S S, Kolasani B, Kiranmai G, Kumar K R. In-dental office screening for diabetes mellitus using gingival crevicular blood. J Int Soc Prevent Communit Dent [serial online] 2014 [cited 2019 Aug 18 ];4:161-165
Available from: http://www.jispcd.org/article.asp?issn=2231-0762;year=2014;volume=4;issue=6;spage=161;epage=165;aulast=Rao;type=0