Journal of International Society of Preventive and Community Dentistry

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2015  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 476--481

Qualitative assessment of red blood cell parameters for signs of anemia in patients with chronic periodontitis


Nubesh S Khan1, Roji Luke2, Rino Roopak Soman3, Praveen M Krishna4, Iqbal P Safar5, Senthil Kumar Swaminathan6 
1 Department of Periodontics, Sri Sankara Dental College, Trivandrum, Kerala, India
2 Department of Periodontics, Educare Institute of Dental Sciences, Malappuram, Kerala, India
3 Department of Periodontics, Pushpagiri College of Dental Sciences, Thiruvalla, Kerala, India
4 Department of Periodontics, SRI Ramakrishna Dental College and Hospital, Coimbatore, India
5 Department of Periodontics, Malabar Dental College, Edappal, Kerala, India
6 Department of Periodontics, Rajah Muthiah Dental College and Hospital, Chidambaram, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Nubesh S Khan
Department of Periodontics, Sri Sankara Dental College, Varkala, Trivandrum, Kerala
India

Aim: Anemia of chronic disease is defined as anemia occurring in chronic infections and inflammatory conditions that is not caused by marrow deficiencies or other diseases and in the presence of adequate iron stores and vitamins. The present case control study was aimed to assess the red blood cell parameters for signs of anemia in patients with mild, moderate, and severe chronic periodontitis. Materials and Methods: A simple random sampling method was used to select 80 healthy male patients, who were divided into four groups based on full mouth periodontal examination as follows: group I patients comprised the control group (n = 20), which included patients with a clinically healthy periodontium, group II patients (n = 20) were diagnosed with mild chronic periodontitis, group III (n = 20) included moderate chronic periodontitis patients, and patients with severe chronic periodontitis formed group IV (n = 20). Laboratory blood investigations included total number of erythrocytes, hemoglobin concentration, packed cell volume, mean corpuscular volume, mean corpuscular hemoglobin, and mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration. Results: Data analysis showed a statistically significant decrease in red blood cell parameters with increase in different grades of periodontitis. Conclusion: Results of the present study show a substantial decrease in red blood cell parameters with increase in the severity of periodontal destruction.


How to cite this article:
Khan NS, Luke R, Soman RR, Krishna PM, Safar IP, Swaminathan SK. Qualitative assessment of red blood cell parameters for signs of anemia in patients with chronic periodontitis.J Int Soc Prevent Communit Dent 2015;5:476-481


How to cite this URL:
Khan NS, Luke R, Soman RR, Krishna PM, Safar IP, Swaminathan SK. Qualitative assessment of red blood cell parameters for signs of anemia in patients with chronic periodontitis. J Int Soc Prevent Communit Dent [serial online] 2015 [cited 2020 Aug 4 ];5:476-481
Available from: http://www.jispcd.org/article.asp?issn=2231-0762;year=2015;volume=5;issue=6;spage=476;epage=481;aulast=Khan;type=0