Journal of International Society of Preventive and Community Dentistry

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2019  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 576--583

Remineralization potential of theobromine on artificial carious lesions


Vani Taneja, Sridhar Nekkanti, Kanishk Gupta, Jyoti Hassija 
 Department of Pedodontics & Preventive Dentistry, Manipal College of Dental Sciences (MCODS), Manipal, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Prof. Sridhar Nekkanti
Department of Pedodontics & Preventive Dentistry, Manipal College of Dental Sciences (MCODS), Manipal 576104, Karnataka
India

Background and Aims: This study aimed to investigate the remineralization potential of two concentrations of theobromine (100mg/L and 200 mmg/L) with fluoridated dentifrice, NovaMin, and nanohydroxyapatite using DIAGNOdent, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and energy dispersive X-ray (EDX) analysis. Materials and Methods: Two sections were taken from 50 teeth each. Artificial carious lesions were induced using demineralizing solution. Evaluation using DIAGNOdent, SEM, and EDX analysis for elemental evaluation of Ca/P ratio and fluoride ion was carried out. Teeth sections were then randomly assigned to five different groups: (1) fluoridated dentifrice (ColgateTM, Colgate –Palmolive, India), Novamine- Shy NMTM, Group pharamaceuticals, India), 3. Nano-hydroxyapatite- Remin ProTM, Voco, Germany) 4. 100mg and 5. 200mg of Theobromine toothpaste (Theodent classicTM, Rennou, UK-853069003006). Remineralization was carried out for 14 days with two applications per day. Samples were reanalyzed using DIAGNOdent, SEM, and EDX. Results: A Tukey post-hoc test revealed statistically significant difference between NovaMin and all the other toothpastes (P < 0.001) for DIAGNOdent readings. On performing SEM-EDX analysis, it was seen that all agents had remineralization potential; however, no significant difference was found. Conclusion: Theobromine can be used as an effective novel remineralizing agent alternative to the already-available agents.


How to cite this article:
Taneja V, Nekkanti S, Gupta K, Hassija J. Remineralization potential of theobromine on artificial carious lesions.J Int Soc Prevent Communit Dent 2019;9:576-583


How to cite this URL:
Taneja V, Nekkanti S, Gupta K, Hassija J. Remineralization potential of theobromine on artificial carious lesions. J Int Soc Prevent Communit Dent [serial online] 2019 [cited 2020 Aug 4 ];9:576-583
Available from: http://www.jispcd.org/article.asp?issn=2231-0762;year=2019;volume=9;issue=6;spage=576;epage=583;aulast=Taneja;type=0