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Year : 2011  |  Volume : 1  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 27-30

Prevalence of early childhood caries among preschool children of low socioeconomic status in Bangalore city, India

1 Department of Community Dentistry, Government Dental College and Research Institute, Bangalore, Karnataka, India
2 Department of Microbiology, Bangalore Medical College, Bangalore, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
H R Priyadarshini
Department of Community Dentistry, Dr. Syamala Reddy Dental College, Hospital and Research Center, Munnekolala, Bangalore-560037, Karnataka
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2231-0762.86384

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Aim : To assess the prevalence of Early Childhood Caries (ECC) among preschool children of low socio- economic status in Bangalore city, India. Materials and Methods : A cross-sectional study was carried out among 566, 24-59 months old children attending various Anganwadi centers in Bangalore city, India, selected via cluster sampling. Caries experience was recorded using deft index (Greubbell, 1944). t Test, ANOVA, and Chi-square tests were used to find significant differences. P < 0.05 was considered as statistically significant. Results : Prevalence of Early Childhood Caries (ECC) was 37.3% with a mean deft of 1.90 ± 3.38 ranging from 0 to 17 teeth. Out of 211 children with ECC, 94.3% had severe Early Childhood Caries (s-ECC) with a mean deft score of 5.35 ± 3.77. All of the deft was due to untreated caries. Mean caries experience of 36-47 months age group was significantly higher than other groups (P = 0.024). Conclusions : The present study showed a 37.3% prevalence of ECC. There is a need for preventive and curative oral health programs in this section of the society.

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