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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2014  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 108-112

Pediatric liquid medicaments - Are they cariogenic? An in vitro study


1 Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, The Oxford Dental College and Hospital, Bangalore, India
2 Department of Orthodontics, The Oxford Dental College and Hospital, Bangalore, India
3 Department of Oral Pathology, SJM Dental College and Hospital, Chitradurga, Karnataka, India
4 Department of Prosthodontics, Krishnadevaraya Dental College and Hospital, Bangalore, India

Correspondence Address:
K L Girish Babu
Arush Multispeciality Dental Care, No 32, MIG, KHB Colony, 8th Block, Koramangala, Bangalore - 560 095, Karnataka
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2231-0762.137637

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Aim: Young and chronically sick children receive a variety of oral liquid medications on a routine and regular basis. These pharmaceutical preparations are cariogenic and acidogenic in nature. Hence, the present study was taken up to determine the cariogenic potential of the commonly prescribed pediatric liquid medicaments. Materials and Methods: Eight commonly used pediatric liquid medicaments (PLM) were selected and their endogenous pH was measured using a pH electrode meter. The sugar content in them was estimated using High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC). The effect of PLM on Streptococcus mutans was assessed by the ditch plate method. Results: The pH of the liquid medicaments ranged between 6.05 (Salbid®) and 7.71 (Theopid®). Sucrose was observed in 7 PLM and glucose in 5 PLM. The highest concentration of sucrose was seen in Crocin®. The lowest concentration of sucrose was seen with Althrocin®. Both the antibiotic PLMs inhibited the S. mutans growth. Zevit® promoted the growth of S. mutans. Conclusion: The pH and concentration of sugars of pediatric liquid medicaments can pose as a threat to dental health, especially in chronically sick children, who are on long-term medications.


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