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Year : 2014  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 87-91

Comparative evaluation of retention of prefabricated and conventional cast post: An in vitro study

1 Department of Prosthodontics, College of Dental Science and Research Centre, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India
2 Department of Prosthodontics, M R Ambedakar Dental College, Bangalore, Karnataka, India
3 Department of Paedodontics, College of Dental Science and Research Centre, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India
4 Department of Prosthodontics, Kothiwal Dental College and Research Center, Moradabad, Uttar Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Suchismita Choudhary
Department of Prosthodontics, College of Dental Science and Research Centre, Ahmedabad, Gujarat
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2231-0762.137635

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Background and Objectives: This study was conducted to evaluate the retention of various prefabricated posts and to compare them with that of the conventional cast post. Materials and Methods: A sample of 60 freshly extracted single-rooted human mandibular first premolars were sectioned horizontally, 1 mm coronal to the cemento-enamel junction and randomly divided into four groups consisting of carbon fiber posts, glass fiber posts, stainless steel posts and cast metal posts. Cast metal post was the control group. Each group contained 15 specimen. The post space of 9 mm depth was prepared using specific drill supplied by the manufacturer. Resin patterns of the prepared post spaces were fabricated for 15 specimen and were cast in nickel chromium base metal alloy. All the posts were cemented with self-adhesive resin cement and mounted in acrylic cylinders. The teeth were subjected to tensile pull-out test using a universal testing machine. The force required to dislodge each post from the teeth was recorded. The data was analyzed using one-way analysis of variance and Bonferroni test. Results: The bond strength of all the prefabricated posts was significantly lower than the conventional cast post. Among the prefabricated posts highest bond strength was obtained for prefabricated stainless steel post and lowest for carbon fiber posts. There was no significant difference in the mean bond strength obtained for stainless steel and glass fiber post. Conclusion: Though no single prefabricated post could achieve results close to the control group, most retentive among the experimental group were the stainless steel posts. However, conditions where nonmetallic posts are indicated most preferred type of post can be the glass fiber posts.

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