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Year : 2016  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 91-96

Epidemiology of periodontal diseases in Indian population since last decade

1 Department of Periodontology and Oral Implantology, Rajasthan Dental College and Hospital, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India
2 Department of Public Health Dentistry, Rajasthan Dental College and Hospital, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India
3 Department of Prosthodontics and Crown Bridge, JSS Dental College, Mysore, Karnataka, India
4 Department of Periodontics and Implant Surgery, UCLA School of Dentistry, 714 Tiverton Ave, Los Angeles, CA, USA

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Anuja Chandra
J 409, Hanging Gardens, Jaisinghpura Road, Near Bhankrota Circle, Jaipur - 302 026, Rajasthan
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2231-0762.178741

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Objective: India suffers lot of disparities in terms of oral health care and 95% of the Indian population suffers from periodontal disease. The aim of this review is to estimate the risk factors responsible for periodontal diseases as well as prevalence for the same in the last decade to make an attempt to develop a strategy to improve formulation of an effective oral health care policy in India. Materials and Methods: Keywords such as “prevalence of periodontal diseases,” “epidemiology,” “periodontitis in India,” and “oral hygiene status in India” were searched for appropriate studies to obtain a bibliographic database. The references of selected articles and relevant reviews were searched for any missed publications that included studies conducted in India estimating periodontal diseases with adequate sample size. Clinical parameters, sample size, and findings for each study were tabulated from 2006 to 2015 (till September 15, 2015) in chronological order to observe the prevalence as well as epidemiology of periodontal disease in India. Results: The projection of periodontal disease is disturbing. In addition, the majority of studies done have used the Community Periodontal Index of Treatment Needs (CPITN) as its epidemiological tool that can grossly underestimate the presence of deep pockets. Conclusion: Current knowledge has shown that periodontitis does not present a linear progression and is not age-dependent. Moreover, its distribution and severity are strongly influenced by host susceptibility and risk factors. A structured all-inclusive survey of all districts of the states is a prerequisite for the constitution of an apt and cogent health care policy in our country.

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