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Year : 2016  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 410-416

Forces in initial archwires during leveling and aligning: An in-vitro study

1 Department of Orthodontics, R.I.M.S, Kadapa, Andhra Pradesh, India
2 Department of Public Health Dentistry, C.K.S Theja Institute of Dental Sciences, Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh, India
3 Department of Periodontics and Implantology, Drs. SNR Siddhartha Institute of Dental Sciences, Chinnaoutpalli, Andhra Pradesh, India
4 Department of Orthodontics, KLRs Lenora Institute of Dental Sciences, Rajahmundry, Andhra Pradesh, India
5 Department of Dentistry, GEMS Medical College, Srikakulam, Andhra Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Rajesh Kumar Reddy
Department of Orthodontics, R.I.M.S, Kadapa, Andhra Pradesh
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2231-0762.192940

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Aim: This in-vitro study measured the force deflection behavior of selected initial alignment archwires by conducting three-point bending tests under controlled tests. The study tested three wire designs, namely, co-axial multistranded stainless steel wires, nickel–titanium, and copper–nickel–titanium archwires. Materials and Methods: The archwires were ligated to a specially designed metal jig, simulating the arch. A testing machine (Instron) recorded activation and deactivation forces of different deflections at 37°C. Forces on activation and deactivation were compared by one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA). Results: Significant differences (P < 0.05) in activation and deactivation forces were observed among the tested wires. The co-axial multistranded wire had the lowest mean activation and deactivation forces, whereas conventional nickel–titanium wires had more mean activation and deactivation forces at different deflections. Conclusion: The activation and deactivation forces were higher for nickel–titanium followed by copper–nickel titanium and co-axial wires. The amount of percentage force loss was more for co-axial wire, indicating that these wires are not ideal for initial leveling and aligning.

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