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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 652-658

Gardner’s cyst enswathing the maxillary antrum: Report of a rare case and review of literature

1 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, KVG Dental College and Hospital, Sullia, Karnataka, India
2 Consultant Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeon, RNS Dental Clinic, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India
3 Consultant Periodontist, Kavil’s Smiley Multi Specialty Dental Clinic, Kasaragod, Kerala, India
4 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Guru Nanak Dev Dental College and Research Institute, Sunam, Punjab, India
5 Consultant Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeon, Cleft and Craniofacial Centre, St. Thomas Hospital, Chengannur, Kerala, India
6 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Sri Sai College of Dental Surgery, Vikarabad, Telangana, India

Correspondence Address:
Jacob J Plackal
Department of Dental and Maxillofacial Surgery, Believers Church Medical Centre, Konni, Kerala
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jispcd.JISPCD_210_19

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Glandular odontogenic cyst (GOC) was named so by Gardner and the credit of discovery can be attributed to the work of Padayachee and Van Wyk (1987). The incidence of GOC is said to be between 0.012% and 1.3%. Even so, a little over 100 cases are reported in English literature. Mandible is more commonly affected than maxilla (20%) with almost 80% cases reported, with an anterior predilection. Even though GOC affecting maxilla is discussed in the literature, to the best of our ability, we could find that, in India, less than five cases affecting the maxillary sinus is ever reported, with none explaining about such a huge cyst that has encompassed the whole of the ipsilateral maxillary sinus. The aim to publish this case report was to understand the rarity in pathology, which GOC encompasses. Such rare cases if reported need to be published for the knowledge, prompt diagnosis, and appropriate treatment planning. Any pathology in the head and neck region should be seen with an eagle’s eye for appropriate management to increase patients’ quality of life.

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