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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 692-699

Scaffolds— The Ground for Regeneration: A Narrative Review


1 Department of Pediatric & Preventive Dentistry, Rural Dental College, Loni, Maharashtra, India
2 Department of Peridontics, Rural Dental College, Loni, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Sourabh Ramesh Joshi
Department of Pediatric & Preventive Dentistry, Rural Dental College, Loni 413736, Maharashtra.
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jispcd.JISPCD_198_20

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Aim: The aim of this study was to comprehensively review the various biomaterials used as scaffolds, rates of biodegradability of natural, artificial and composite hybrid scaffolds, and the role of controlled biodegradability in tissue engineering. Materials and Methods: An electronic search for systematic review was conducted in PubMed/MEDLINE (www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov), Cochrane (www.cochrane.org), Scopus (www.scopus.com) databases, and dental journals related to endodontics and pediatric dentistry to identify the research investigations associated with the degradation profiles, factors relating to degradation, rates of biodegradability and the role of controlled biodegradability of natural, artificial and composite scaffolds. A sample of 17 relevant studies and case reports were identified in our search of 100 using simple random sampling. Results: Naturally derived scaffolds degrade at a much higher rate than artificial and composite scaffolds. The degradation profiles of composite scaffolds can be much better controlled than naturally derived scaffolds. Conclusion: Composite scaffolds are more favorable as compared to natural or artificial scaffolds, as it has superior mechanical properties, minimal immune response, and a controlled rate of degradation and consequent tissue regeneration.


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