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  Indian J Med Microbiol
 

Figure 1: The study protocol. Forty-five healthy subjects (10–12 years old) were divided into three equal groups (n = 15) and avoided oral cleaning for 4 days. From the fifth day to the fifteenth day (10 days), each group performed one of the three oral cleaning methods (BT, GIFTS, CT) in a timed manner. Saliva, plaque, and tongue samples were collected from all the subjects for analysis

Figure 1: The study protocol. Forty-five healthy subjects (10–12 years old) were divided into three equal groups (<i>n</i> = 15) and avoided oral cleaning for 4 days. From the fifth day to the fifteenth day (10 days), each group performed one of the three oral cleaning methods (BT, GIFTS, CT) in a timed manner. Saliva, plaque, and tongue samples were collected from all the subjects for analysis