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  Indian J Med Microbiol
 

Figure 2: Reduction in bacterial levels after oral cleaning. BT = brushing followed by tongue cleaning, GIFTS = GIFTS method followed by tongue cleaning and mouth water swishing, CT = GIFT method using charcoal followed by tongue cleaning and mouth water swishing, Saliva (S), plaque (P), and tongue scraping (T) samples were collected and bacterial load was determined in comparison to no cleaning using qPCR analysis. SEM = standard error of the mean, ANOVA = analysis of variance. Total bacterial levels were significantly decreased by all of the three cleaning methods compared with that of the NC control. The error bars represent SEM values, and the P values (ANOVA) were calculated relative to the NC group

Figure 2: Reduction in bacterial levels after oral cleaning. BT = brushing followed by tongue cleaning, GIFTS = GIFTS method followed by tongue cleaning and mouth water swishing, CT = GIFT method using charcoal followed by tongue cleaning and mouth water swishing, Saliva (S), plaque (P), and tongue scraping (T) samples were collected and bacterial load was determined in comparison to no cleaning using qPCR analysis. SEM = standard error of the mean, ANOVA = analysis of variance. Total bacterial levels were significantly decreased by all of the three cleaning methods compared with that of the NC control. The error bars represent SEM values, and the P values (ANOVA) were calculated relative to the NC group